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The Essentials Of Belief

 



Islam is the Religion of all theProphets of Allah starting with Adamand ending with Muhammad. In Arabic Islammeans submission. To believe in the heart and declare withthe tongue: "No one is God except Allahand Muhammadis the Messenger of Allah"is how one becomes Muslim. Utterance with the Two Professions (ash­Shahadatan)is required of the person who is not already a Muslim. A Muslimis a believer and a follower of Islam.
 

The First Profession (ash-Shahadah),i.e., "No one is God except Allah"means nothing deserves to be worshipped except Allah."Allah" is the name ofthe Creator in Arabic which means "The One Who has theGodhood which is the power to create the entities."

The second Profession, i.e., "Muhammadis the Messenger of Allah"includes believing Muhammad was thelast of the prophets, he was truthful in all he told about andconveyed from Allah (as were all theprophets before him), and the Creator gave us prophets andmessengers (A 'prophet' is a man who receives the Revelation fromAllah and conveys it to the people. A'messenger' is a prophet who comes with some new laws. Theprophet who is not a messenger follows the laws of the messengerwho came before him. Every messenger is a prophet, but not everyprophet is a messenger.) to guide us to worship Him correctly. AMuslim must believe in all the prophets and messengers.

The Two Professions are the essentials of belief in Islam;they are the foundation of the faith. The analogy of constructinga building is useful in explaining the importance of this basicbelief. There will be no building without a concrete foundation.Likewise, there will be no benefit and fruitful results in theHereafter without having the correct belief first.

This analogy illustrates the need to start from the beginningand build upward; before one can remain steadfast in the Religionone must have the proper belief. Muslims firmly believe only oneCreator exists, His name is Allah,and Muhammad is His Prophet andMessenger. Knowledge and belief in this are the foundation of thefaith, and all Muslims are united by this basic belief. TheMuslim uses the mind as a guide because the mind and faith gohand-in-hand. Knowledge is essential since learning gives onestrength and purpose.

Allah blessed the people with theprophets and messengers to guide them to obedience and warn themfrom disobedience. Muslims must believe in all the prophets andmessengers because Allah blessed themall with Revelation and they conveyed this to their people, butnow Muslims must follow the rules of the last Prophet andMessenger, Prophet Muhammad.

Allah ordered the Messengers toconvey the laws, and they did. They taught by words and example.The prophets were attributed with truthfulness, trustworthiness,and intelligence. Consequently, lying, dishonesty, vileness,stupidity, and dullness were impossible to be among theirattributes. They were also attributed with impeccability ofblasphemy (Blasphemy includes any belief, action, or saying whichbelittles Allah, His Books, HisMessengers, His Angels, His Rites, the Ma^alimof His Religion, His Rules, His Promise, or His Threat.), thegreat sins (such as drinking alcohol and unjustful killing), andabject small sins (such as stealing one grape).

Prophet Muhammad taught hisCompanions and those Companions taught their followers and so onuntil the knowledge of Islam reachedthe Muslims of the present day. The beliefs and teachings werepassed from trustworthy Muslim('Trustworthy' as defined by Islammeans the Muslim who does not commit great sins, small sins in away that they will be more than this good deeds, and does notbehave in violation of the behavior of those who have hisstatus.) to trustworthy Muslim with a chain of reliable relatorsback to the Prophet. In Islam it is agreat sin to judge without knowledge. If a Muslim does not knowan answer to an Islamic inquiry he must not give his opinion orwhat he thinks the answer might be. Instead, he seeks the answerfrom someone more knowledgeable in the Religion who attained theknowledge in the aforementioned manner.

Since Allah created Adam,the first man, from soil of different colors and differenttextures, and all people are the descendants of Adam,this accounts for the various races and temperaments of people.Muslim men and women around the world of all ages, races, colors,nationalities, social backgrounds, economic status', languages,and political affiliations are united by their belief that thereis only one God, His name is Allah,and Muhammad is His last Prophet andMessenger and by practicing the same rules of the Religion.

Islam is a belief system as wellas a way of life. Only the Creator knows the limits, theweakness, and the vulnerability of all His creation, and He hasprovided rules for them that are fair and just. Allahknows what is good for His creation as well as what is harmful;He knows what is beneficial and what is detrimental.