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The Prescribed Prayer: Chapter One (cont.)


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TAYAMMUM (PURIFICATION WITH CLEAN EARTH)

Tayammum means to resort to pure earth as a substitute for clean water for purification. One may resort to Tayammum in the following cases:
  1. When water is not available, or it is available but it is insufficient for both Wuduu and drinking needs.
  2. Inability of an individual to use available water due to illness.
  3. When the use of water may prove to cause sickness or illness.
Tayammum is performed in the following sequence:
  1. Bring Niyyah in the heart.
  2. Say: "Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem." In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful.
  3. Strike the hands with the open palms on clean earth, stone, sand, or gypsum. Shake off the excess and wipe only the face and the arms to the elbows.
Tayammum is a complete substitute for Wuduu and Ghusl, hence it may be used to perform anything that Tahaarah, purification, is essential for, such as Salaah, handling Al-Quran, etc.

ANNULMENTS OF TAYAMMUM

Tayammum is annuled by anything that nullifies Wuduu, because it is a substitute for Wuduu. The availability of abundant water, or the ability to use water, also nullify Tayammum. If one has already prayed and then finds water, he does not have to repeat his prayer. If he finds water after Tayammum, but before prayer, his Tayammum is nullified and he should make fresh Wuduu.

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