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"Recite to your dying one: Laa ilaaha illallah. (Muslim)
The Talqeen is only recommended if the patient is not saying the Kalimah, but if he is saying it there is no need for Talqeen. The Talqeen is also recommended when muhtadir, a dying person, is still conscious and able to utter a word, as he should not be forced to say the kalimah lest he say something derogatory about his faith, nor should he be asked to repeat the kalimah after he has said it.
"He is right according to the Fitrah. However, I return the one-third of his money to his son." (Al-Haakim)
"Recite it (Suurah Yaaseen) on your deceased." (Ibn Hibban) Indeed, by reciting Suurah Yaaseen, according to this Hadeeth and many others, Allah will forgive the muhtadir, dying person, and make his death easy and more peaceful.
"Indeed, when the soul is seized the eyes follow."
"Ali, do not delay three things, Salaah when it is due; Janaazah (funeral) when it comes; and an unmarried woman if she finds a suitable person." (Ahmad)
"The soul of the believer is hanged by his debt until it is paid out." (Ahmad)
This Hadeeth is in reference to a believer who passed away leaving behind money from which his debt will be paid, but if he left nothing but was intending to pay it, or he left money but his relatives refused to pay his debt out of it, Allahu ta'aala will pay the debt for him.
Abu Hurairah related the Prophet (s.'a.s.) said:
"Whoever takes people's money while intending to pay it back, Allah will pay it for him, but whoever takes it with intention not to pay it back, but to destroy it, Allah will destroy him." (Al Bukhaaree)
The Sunnah recommended that a believer, whose waliyy, muslim relative, passed away should make du'aa, supplication and instirjaa saying the following, for his deceased relative:
|Inna lillaahi wa innaa ilaihir||To Allah we belong, and to Him is|
|Allaahummah ajirnee fee||O Allah reward me in my affiction and|
|museebatee we akhlif lahuu||let him be succeeded by the best.|
"Let trustworthy people wash your deceased." (Ibn Maaja)
If the deceased is a female, her hair must be undone and washed be- fore it is done again.
After washing the body it is dried with a clean towel and perfumed. The Prophet ordered that the deceased be embalmed with musk. The basic procedures of Ghusl in this respect are taken from the famous Hadeeth by Umm 'Atiyyah in which she reported:
"The Messenger of Allah (s.'a.s.) came to us when we were bathing his daughter, and he told us: 'Wash her with water and (with the leaves of) the lote tree three or five times, or more than that if you think fit, and put camphor or something like camphor in the last washing, then inform me when you have finished! So when we had finished, we informed him and he gave to us his (own) undergarment saying: 'Put it next to her body'." (Muslim/Al-Bukharee)
THE PROCEDURES OF THE FUNERAL PRAYER
The deceased Muslim is placed horizontally in front of the Imaam, who stands, according to the Sunnah, at the shoulder of the deceased if he is male, and at the waist if she is female. The rest of the believers stand behind the Imaam. There is no Rukuu'u or Sujuud in the prayer. The prayer is conducted in an upright standing position, Qiyaam, and contains four Takbeers:
The Imaam says Allaahu Akbar, raising his hands to his ears and placing them between the chest and the navel. The followers do the same. The Imaam recites Du'aahul Istiftaah, the opening supplication. This is followed by Al-Faatihah.
The Imaam says Allaahu Akbar without raising his hands. He invokes Allah's blessings upon the Prophet by reciting the second part of Tashahhud, Salaatu 'Alan Nabiyy.
After the third takbeer, the Imaam prays for the deceased, by saying the following:
|Allaahumma ighfir lihayyi naa||O Allah, forgive those of us who are|
|wa mayyitinaa wa shaahidinaa||still living and those who are dead,|
|wa ghaa ibinaa wa sagheerinaa||those of us who are present and those|
|wa kabeerinaa wa dhakarinaa||who are absent, our minors and our|
|Allaahumma man ahya'tahu||O Allah, let the one whom thou keep-|
|minaa fa ahyiyee 'alal Islaam,||est alive from among us live according|
|Wa man 'awaffaitahu minaa||to Islaam and the one whom thou|
|fa tawaffahu 'alal Imaan.||causes to die from among us, die as a|
The Imaam again stays All aahu Akbar and proceeds with:
|Allaahumma laa tahrimnaa||O Allah, do not deny us reward which|
|ajrahu, wagh fir lanaa wa lahu.||is due him, do not expose us to temp-|
|tation after his death. Forgive us and|
The Imaam concludes the prayer with:
|As-Salaamu 'Alaikum warah||Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you|
|matullaahi,||(turning the face to the right side).|
|As-Salaamu 'Alaikum warah||Peace and mercy of Allah be upon you|
|matullaahi.||(turning the face to the left side).|
If the deceased is a minor, the following invocation is added to the Du'aa in the third takbeer:
|Allaahumma ij'alhu lanaa fara-||O Allah, cause him to become a means|
|tan waj'alhu lanaa ajran wa||of salvation for us and cause his loss|
|dhukhran waj'alhu lanaa shaa-||to become a means of reward and|
|fi'an waj'alhu lanaa shfee'an.||recompense for us and make him for|
|us an intercessor.|
In Al-Quran, Allah the Almighty says:
"Have we not made the earth (as a place) to draw together. The living and the dead." (Al-Quran, 77:25-26)
According to the above verses and many Aa hadeeth, it is completely forbidden to cremate a human. Indeed, cremation is forbidden to every living creature, human or animal.
Hence, the reason for burial is to cover the body so as to prevent predatory animals from reaching it, as well as to prevent odor and disease.
The Sunnah recommends that the grave be deepened to about five feet or more; it is also Sunnah to make a lahd, niche, inside the grave where the body will be placed, but if the soil is too soft, one may do without it.
It is Sunnah to place the body on the right side facing the Qiblah. While the body is being lowered into the grave, one may utter:
|Bismillaah wa 'alaa millati||In the Name of Allah, (we bury)|
|rasuulillaah1||according to the Sunnah of the Mes-|
|senger of Allah.|
Each person who witnesses the burial may help fill the grave with dirt, with both hands, at least three times.
During the first time, one may say:
|Minhaa khalaqnaakum1||Out of it we created you|
With the second time, one says:
|Wa feehaa nu'eedukum1||And into it we deposit you|
With the third time, one says:
|Wa minhaa nukhrijkum1||And from it we shall take you out|
|taaratan ukhraa||once again.|
After the burial, the escorters may make invocations for the forgiveness of the deceased.
A green twig may be fixed on the grave. It is forbidden to erect domes or other decorative structures over the grave.
1. (Al-Quran, 20:55)