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The Prescribed Prayer: Chapter Two (cont.)


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SUNNAH PARTS IN SALAAH

The Salaah has Sunnahs that, though they are not equal with the Fard parts of Salaah, nonetheless they are equally important and they should be observed so as to get their thawaab, rewards, and to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet in Salaah. The Prophet is reported as saying:

"Pray as you see me praying."

These Sunnahs are as follows:

  1. To raise the hands to the shoulders where the tips of the fingers parallel one's ears, with Takbeeratul Ihraam.
  2. To place the hands, after the Takbeeratul Ihraam, between the chest and the navel. The Sunnah is to place the palm of the right hand over the back of the left hand, and the wrist of the left hand to be gripped with the right hand.
  3. To recite Du'aaul Istiftaah and the Ta'awwdhu, that is, the opening supplication and seeking refuge with Allah from Shaitaan.
  4. To say Aamin after the recitation of Al-Faatihah. Everybody should say Aamin whether it is an Imaam or Maamuum. It should be said out loud in the loud prayers and silently in the silent prayers.
  5. To recite a Suurah or an Aayah after Al-Faatihah in the two raka'aats of Subh and Jum'ah prayers, and the first two raka'aats of Zuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib, and 'Ishaa prayers.
  6. To say Takbeer when changing the position from Qiyaam to Rukuu' u, etc.
  7. Keep the head and the back level and aligned in Rukuu'u and to grip the knees with the hands.
  8. To say the Dhikir of Rukuu'u, that is, to say "Subhaana rabbiyal 'Azeem," Glory to my Lord, the Great.
  9. To say the Dhikir of Raf'u, that is "Sami 'Allaahu liman hamidah," Allah hears him who praises Him.
  10. To be sure during prostration that the nose, forehead and hands touch the ground. However, the hands should be kept apart from one's sides.
  11. To say the Dhikir of Sujuud. "Subhaana rabbiyal d Ala," Glory to my Lord, the Most High.
  12. To sit on the left foot while it is placed flat on the ground, and the right foot is kept upright in a manner that the tips of the toes are facing Al-Qiblah. The hands should be placed on the thighs.
  13. To place the left hand, during Tashahhud, or reciting the glories of Allah, on the left thigh, and the right hand on the right thigh, with the three fingers locked up while the thumb is on the middle finger and the index finger is pointed.
  14. To say the first Tashahhud.
  15. Saying the second part of Tashahhud, that is Salaat 'alan Nabiyy, or invoking Allah's blessing on the Prophet (s.'a.s.).
  16. Saying Du'aa a, supplication, after the prayer.

LOUD AND SILENT PRAYERS

According to the Sunnah, during Salaah a worshipper should recite out loud verses or chapters from Al-Quran, in the two raka'aats of Salaatus Subh, the morning prayer, Salaatul Jum'ah, Friday prayer, the first two raka'aats of Salaatul Maghrib, evening prayer, and Salaatul 'Ishaa, night prayer, as well as in the two raka'aats of the two 'Eids.

On the other hand, a worshipper recites silently in Salaatuz Zuhr and 'Asr, the third raka'ah of Maghrib and the last two raka'aats of 'lshaa.

As for Sunnah or Nafl prayers, the daily Sunnahs are silent, whereas the night Sunnahs could be said out loud or silently.

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