The Prescribed Prayer: Chapter Two (cont.)

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A worshiper may be allowed to combine two prayers. This combination may be Taqdeeman, that is in advance, when the two prayers are offered together in the time of the first prayer, such as offering Salaatuz Zuhr in its correct time and Salaatul 'Asr before its correct time.

The combination may also be Ta'akheeran, that is delayed, when the two prayers are offered in the correct time of the second prayer, such as offering Salaatul Maghrib and Salaatul 'Ishaa in the correct time of 'Ishaa.

Salaah may be combined in the following situations:

  1. On 'Arafaat and Muzdalifah, two spots of gathering during the observance of Hajj. Thus a Hajj may offer Zuhr and 'Asr prayers Taqdeeman in the time of Zuhr at 'Arafaat. One may do that in his tent at 'Arafaat or at the famous Masjidun Namirah, the Grand Mosque at Arafaat. On the other hand, one may offer Maghrib and 'Ishaa Ta'akheeran in the time of 'Ishaa at Muzdalifah.
  2. When a person is on a journey he may combine the prayers, as mentioned earlier. However, the Jam'u, combination, must be between Zuhr and 'Asr, or between Maghrib and 'Ishaa. No combination between 'Asr and Maghrib.
  3. The Jamaa'ah, congregation, or the individual may combine the prayers if there is a valid reason for it, such as combining on rainy or snowy days that make it difficult for the Muslims to attend Jamaa'ah prayer in Al-Masjid. On the same condition, an individual may combine prayers when he or she is ill.
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