The Prescribed Prayer: Chapter Two (cont.)

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Al-Adhaan is the announcement made to indicate the beginning of the time of Salaah. Al-Adhaan is waajid, or Sunnah, before each and every prayer. The Muadhdhin, or caller to prayer is an adult male who, standing on a raised ground facing the Qiblah, announces Al-Adhaan in a loud voice, with the following words:
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar Allah is Greatest (two times)
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar Allah is Greatest (two times)
Ash hadu allaa ilaaha ill I bear witness that there is nothing
Allah, Ash hadu allaa ilaaha worthy of worship but Allah (two
ill Allah times)
Ash hadu anna Muhammadar I bear witness that Muhammad is the
Rasuulullah Messenger of Allah (two times)
Ash hadu anna Muhammadar
Hayya 'alas Salaah, Hasten to the Prayer (two times)
Hayya 'alas Salaah,
Hay ya 'alal Falaah, Hasten to real success (two times)
Hayya 'alal Falaah,
Allaahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Allah is Greatest (two times)
Laa ilaa'ha ill Allah. There is nothing worthy of worship
but Allah.

In the morning prayer, Salaatus Subh, the following words are added into Al-Adhaan after "Hayya 'alal Falaah":
As Salaatu Khairun minan  Prayer is better than sleep (two
maum, As Salaatu khairun times). This is known as Tathweeb.
minan maum.

The Sunnah recommends that while al-Adhaan is being announced, no Suunah prayers should be started; instead, one should listen to it with due attention, and repeat silently the words of al-Adhaan after the Muadhdhin, but when he says Hayya 'alas Salaah, and Hayya 'alal Falah, one should say:
Laa haula wa laa quwwata We are helpless to do good or abstain
illa billah from evil without Allah's help.

After al-Adhaan, one may say the following Du'aa, supplication:
Allaahumma rabba haadhihid 0 Allah, Lord of this most perfect
Da'awatit taammati, call,
Was Salaati qaamati aati And of the prayer which is about to
Muhammada nil waseelata wal be established, grant to Muhammad
fadeelata, the favor of nearness (to Thee) and
Wad darajatar rafee 'ata And a place of distinction and exalt
wab'ath hu maqaamam mahmu- him to a position of glory which
udanil ladhee wa 'adtahu, Thou has promised him.

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